Define the term interest group and distinguish these groups from other political organizations.
Impermissible Impermissible c "dark money" groups are distinct from super PACs. Smitha former FEC chairman who is now with the Center for Competitive Politicsa group that opposes campaign-finance reform, argues that this practice is not problematic, writing that "it is possibly the making of a campaign contribution in the name of another ," a violation of existing law.
By the late s, virtually all states and the federal government required public disclosure of campaign contributions and information on political donors.
In Januaryat least 38 states and the federal government required disclosure for all or some independent expenditures or electioneering communications, for all sponsors.
In addition to PACs, non-profit groups ranging from Planned Parenthood to Crossroads may make expenditures in connection with political races. Since these non-profits are not political committees, as defined in the Federal Election Campaign Actthey have few reporting requirements beyond the amounts of their expenditures.
They are not required by law to publicly disclose information on their donors. As a result, voters do not know who gave money to these groups. It in turn funded several different PACs.
According to the Center for Public Integrity, FEC commissioners are voting on many fewer enforcement matters than in the past because of "an overtaxed staff and commissioner disagreement.
Federal Election Commission in The Obama administration opposed these provisions, but President Obama eventually acceded to them in Decemberwith the White House declining to comment.
The nonpartisan Campaign Legal Center said in a statement that the dark-money provision ensures "that the door to secret foreign dollars in U. Smithopposes legislation to require the disclosure of dark-money groups, saying: The purpose of disclosure is to help people monitor the government, not for the government to monitor the people.Public funding of elections — that is, relying on tax revenue more than private donations to fund candidate campaigns — is a popular campaign finance reform proposal, if .
Campaign finance in the United States is the financing of electoral campaigns at the federal, state, and local levels. At the federal level, campaign finance law is enacted by Congress and enforced by the Federal Election Commission (FEC), an independent federal agency.
Interest Groups › Lobbying › and Special Elections. OpenSecrets is the nation's top resource for clear and unbiased information.
Ruth Marcus, columnist, The Washington Post. The Center for Responsive Politics has made itself into an essential Washington — actually, make that an essential national — institution.
Interest groups and governmental institutions: The politics of state funding of public higher education. Paper presented at The Annual Meeting of the Association for the Study of Higher Education. How The Public Funding Of Elections Increases Candidate Polarization Andrew B.
Hally Department of Government Harvard University August 13, a ects the contribution behavior of access-oriented interest groups, groups who, I show, system- 7In studying the public funding of elections.
Interest groups work hard to educate the public at large, government officials, their own members, and potential interest group members. Mobilizing various publics. To influence policy-making, many groups rely on the efforts of people who are motivated to act on behalf of their issues and causes.
|Campaign finance in the United States - Wikipedia||First, it prohibited national political party committees from soliciting or spending any soft money and prohibited state and local party committees from using soft money for activities that affect federal elections. Second, it prohibited the use of corporate and union treasury funds to pay for "electioneering communications"—broadcast or cable advertisements clearly identifying a federal candidate—within 30 days of a primary or 60 days of a general election.|
|National Special Interest Groups - The Voter's Self Defense System - Vote Smart||Impermissible Impermissible c "dark money" groups are distinct from super PACs.|