Utilitarian Argument on Capital Punishment Introduction Capital punishment is a form of punishment in the legal justice system that entail deliberate actions directed towards taking the life of a person found guilty of a capital offense The Guardian, In the United States, capital offenses include; first degree murder, treason, espionage, and murder during a robbery among others. The United States is one of the countries where capital punishment is still a popular form of punishment.
Support for the death penalty in Britain seems to be slowly declining although it is supported by many young people who were not born when we still had it. In the short term say the next 10 yearsthere is no realistic chance of reinstatement, however, despite majority public support for such a move.
Reintroduction of something that has been abolished is always much more difficult than introducing something entirely new. Politically it would be impossible now, given our membership of the EU and our commitment to the European Convention on Human Rights, both of which totally prohibit capital punishment.
The EU contains no member states that practice it and will not allow retentionist states to join. The present Labour government is implacably opposed to capital punishment and has removed it from the statute book for the few remaining offences for which it was still theoretically allowed.
The Conservatives and Liberal Democrats are also against reintroduction. There is no doubt that capital punishment is a very emotive issue and there is a strong anti-death penalty lobby in this country who would put every obstacle in the way of its return should it ever become likely.
There is concern at the number of convictions that are being declared unsafe by the Courts, particularly for the most serious offences such as murder and terrorism.
Yet we live in a time of ever rising serious crime despite what the government tells us. Will people become so fed up with escalating levels of crime and what they see in, most cases, as derisory punishments that they will support anything that appears likely to reduce crime and redress the balance?
Or do they see the return of capital punishment as a return to barbarity? There are very real issues of human rights that will effect us all if it were to be reintroduced. Will the government introduce laws that are just and contain sufficient safeguards and will the judiciary administer them properly?
Morally, it is a continuation of the cycle of violence and “ degrades all who are involved in its enforcement, as well as its victim.”(Stewart 1) Perhaps the most frequent argument for capital punishment is that of deterrence. Capital punishment, also known as death penalty is a “legal enforced deprivation of life based on a court decision; a lawful infliction of the extreme penalty on a person convicted of a grave offense. Most death penalty cases involve the execution of murderers although capital punishment can also be applied for treason, espionage, and other crimes. Proponents of the death penalty say it is an important tool for preserving law and order, deters crime, and costs less than life imprisonment.
We are all potentially capable of murder a lot of domestic murders, where one partner murders the other during a row, are first time crimes and, therefore, we must each consider whether we and our loved ones are more at risk of being murdered or being executed for committing murder.
We must also consider what the likelihood is of innocent people being executed - it is inevitable that it will happen sooner or later. Can the police, the courts, and the system generally be trusted to get things right on every occasion?
They never have been able to previously. Will juries be willing to convict in capital cases? Would you like to have to make the decision as to whether the person in the dock should live or die?
Will the government really be willing to carry out death sentences or will they find every excuse for not doing so, thus returning to the injustices of earlier centuries?
Will executions really prove to be the deterrent that some supporters of capital punishment expect them to be? It is unlikely the very worst murderers would be deterred because they are typically psychopaths or of such dubious sanity that they are incapable of rational behaviour sometimes taking their own lives immediately after the crime, as in the Hungerford and Dunblane massacres Certain criminals, e.
It is unlikely that a handful of executions a year will have any real deterrent effect particularly on the people whom society would most like to be deterred, e.
Yet these particular criminals are the least likely to be executed, the serial killers will be found insane and the drug barons will use any means to avoid conviction, e. So we go back to the situation where only "sane" murderers can be executed.An Argument against Capital Punishment The United States of America murders its own citizens.
Since the death penalty was re-instated in , convicts have been executed in the United States, more than 5, since The Argument of Capital Punishment - There not many issues in the criminal justice system that have caused more heated discussions and arguments as consistent and strong as that of the argument of capital punishment.
Utilitarian Argument on Capital Punishment Introduction Capital punishment is a form of punishment in the legal justice system that entail deliberate actions directed towards taking the life of a person found guilty of a capital offense (The Guardian, ).In the United States, capital offenses include; first degree murder, treason, espionage, and murder during a robbery among yunusemremert.com Over the years, I have offered many arguments for capital punishment for murder: 1.
It is a cosmic injustice to allow a murderer to keep his life. Killing murderers is society’s only way to. Start studying Contemporary Moral Issues Set 1. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Utilitarianism sometimes requires us to commit serious injustices 3) Utilitarianism isn't therefore the correct moral theory.
Primoratz's Argument (Capital Punishment) 1) Justice requires that criminals be. Morally, it is a continuation of the cycle of violence and “ degrades all who are involved in its enforcement, as well as its victim.”(Stewart 1) Perhaps the most frequent argument for capital punishment is that of deterrence.